The Great Divine Exchange

Rock of Offence Special Commentary


This is Part 1 of a two-part Bible study.
Click on the link below to continue
with this study.

Part 2


Before we attempt any discussion of this core
provision of Christ's salvation, we must first
understand why it is often left out of many
fundamental church teachings. At the risk of
sounding redundant, we repeat these facts in
most of our commentaries and Bible studies
due to its importance.

A Review of History

When America first came into existence, the Founders recognized the need to establish legal documents, the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, to protect the freedoms of its people and govern the new nation. They understood that unless there was a clearly outlined standard of law that limited the power of government and protected the rights of the people, the nation would quickly return to the kind of tyranny that plagued the other nations of the world. We see a similar situation in the early beginnings of the Christian Church, where the apostolic leadership recognized the absolute necessity of having a standard reference for faith and practice. If there is no standard that defines true faith - or if we allow the one that exists to be distorted and redefined - our devotion to God and Christian service can be twisted into almost any kind of behavior - even killing and murder in the name of God. Jesus actually warned that this would happen in the last days in John 16:1-4.

A more helpful explanation is available HERE

This is why our Heavenly Father places so much emphasis on the Holy Scriptures, which represents His official reference manual that spans the six days of creation and over 6 thousand years of human history. For the most part, the early Christian Church only had the Old Testament Scriptures. The New Testament canon was still being written by those who were personally trained (discipled) by our Lord Jesus Christ - and later by the Apostle Paul, who received what is known as "The Pauline Revelation" recorded in his "Epistles (or letters) to the Church". In those days, Scripture was, for the most part, communicated verbally by church leadership. This method worked as long as they followed strict rules designed to prevent "spiritualizing and redefining" the Scriptures into a theology of their own design. Yet, by the 14th century, the verbally communicated Scriptures and what was being called 'the Church' at that time, had both become so corrupted that they no longer represented God's true intentions. The salvation of the human race was clearly at risk because "the standard" had been changed.

The misapplication of the Holy Scriptures and the corruption of Christ's Church (and its gospel) is what motivated the preachers of "The Protestant Reformation". It is not our goal to discuss this historical movement in detail, except to point out one of its most important contributions. In order to correct the corruption of the Holy Scriptures which had occurred during the previous 1300 years - men such as; John Wycliffe ( 1331–1384), William Tyndale (1494–1536), Martin Luther (1483–1546) and Johannes Gutenberg (1398–1468 - designer of the first printing press) labored to put the Scriptures in printed form - and in the common languages of the people. This was necessary so that the public could read and understand what God had said without ecclesiastical distortion and interference.

Now, some 600 years later, anyone can own a copy of the Holy Scriptures. It is often called "God's Word" because it represents the revelation of His will, intentions and purposes - which radically changed after the “New Covenant” was initiated at the crucifixion of Christ. The New Covenant places the believer "in Christ", which takes them out from under "Old Testament Law". This kind of information does not come from any other source other than God's Word, regardless of what other world religions say and teach. To obtain true salvation, we either consult God's Word for the correct understanding, or make up our own religious rules, which He does not respect or honor.

The True Gospel of Christ is Offensive
to Traditional Religious Thinking

Some readers have said that our commentaries and studies "opened their eyes" to things they had never considered. Others claim that these same writings “offend their beliefs" and therefore are not offered in love. Offending the religious beliefs of others never means they aren't loved. We don't conduct our ministry to deliberately offend anyone or to generate unnecessary controversy. Everyone certainly has a right to believe the Bible anyway they choose. Yet, all of us, including this writer, will, one day, give an account to Jesus concerning the truthfulness of what we believe and teach. For this reason, the goal of our ministry is to present only what the Scriptures teach. As a result, an abundance of verses are often quoted because we want God's Word to speak and interpret Itself. Contrary to the practices of some churches, we never try to "spiritualize and twist Scripture" to defend something that isn't supported by the "rightly divided" Word of God. Various church-going people get offended, when their traditions and religious beliefs are threatened by the truth of Scripture. The same thing happened during Jesus Christ's earthly ministry; and it’s still happening today. When someone is traveling on a spiritually destructive path, love demands that we at least provide a warning. Otherwise it's not love. This kind of warning is nearly always offensive. Jesus conducted His own ministry in this way and it greatly offended many religious people. Yet, He loved them all, even when they nailed Him to a cross.

God Designed His Word
As a "Divided Book"

The Bible is God's Word. Yet, this very fact also causes many Christians and their leaders to make certain assumptions and incorrectly interpret its writings. The problem originally started in the first century church. It's not something new. God considered it so spiritually dangerous that He placed a warning in His Word. This contrary doctrine (or theology) is first introduced in Acts chapter 15 - and was officially condemned by the apostolic leadership of the Church. Yet, it remains alive and well in the modern Christian Church under various misleading names and labels. As a result of this influence many think that because the Bible is God's Word, everything found within its pages belongs to only one indivisible spiritual program, where all Scripture references are treated the same. This mindset is often found among those, who embrace various flavors of Christian fundamentalism. The practice also dominates Catholicism. Some Bible teachers call it "the Galatian error", or simply "Legalism". Scripture verses are indiscriminately lifted from both the Old and New Testaments and intermingled to defend various historical church and denominational teachings.

Many modern day Christians (but, thankfully not all) are taught to incorrectly handle the Scriptures in this way. Yet, the Bible warns about the dangerous misconceptions that occur, when its writings are "mixed together" and placed under the banner of a single "unified theology" (often referred to as "Biblical theology" or "Biblical Christianity"). It's the same error that nearly destroyed the Galatian Church of the first century, which is why it sometimes carries the name, "the Galatian error". It prompted the Apostle Paul to write the "Epistle to the Galatians" in order to address the problem. As a result, Paul, who wrote nearly half of the New Testament canon, commanded that Scripture must be "rightly (or correctly) divided" (2 Timothy 2:15) if walking in truth is our goal.

Why is this important? The Bible contains and is dominated by the following two separate and very different spiritual programs ;

The Old Covenant of the Law given to Israel
at Mount Sinai - also known as Judaism.

And . . .

The New Covenant of Jesus Christ, which now
governs the Church after the cross. The
New Covenant represents and establishes true
faith in Christ. The Bible warns that mixing the
New Covenant with the tenants of Judaism (also
recorded in the Bible) creates a false Christian
faith that looks and sounds Biblical,
but does not come from God.

Why the "Divine Exchange of Christ" is
Left Out of Many Church Teachings

God's Word is to be "rightly divided" because the New Testament Church (the one Jesus said He would build in Matthew 6:18) is no longer under the Old Covenant of the Law, but now operates according to the New Covenant of Christ established at the cross (Romans 6:14, Romans 8:2-4, Romans 3:20, Philippians 3:9, Hebrews 8:6-13).

Various Bible scholars correctly warn about this serious ongoing problem. Many church teachings are the direct result of wrongly interpreting the Bible as "one unified spiritual program". Unfortunately, those who hold this belief are not part of some fringe sect or cult. Various mainline denominations and churches that claim to represent "committed Bible believing Christians" also practice this method of handling the Scriptures. Technically, they appear to be correct, but according to the way God designed His Word - they are in error. The problem stems from believing the Bible in a way that ignores its context (Note: Respecting context is what Paul refers to as "rightly dividing God's Word"). When we ignore the context of Scripture God is often quoted as saying things - which He does not say. Quoting God "out of context" is a serious ministry sin, which has dominated Christian ministry since the first century. Unfortunately, there are many historical church teachings and traditions that fall into this category. Examining this controversial and unpopular subject is necessary for one important reason: Ignoring the Bible's context often produces a false "faith in Christ" and a counterfeit gospel, WHICH GOD DOES NOT HONOR AND CARRIES UNTHINKABLE SPIRITUAL CONSEQUENCES.

Church leaders and their followers, who mix together Old Testament Law and the New Covenant of Christ, will omit the "Divine Exchange", which represents the core truths of New Testament salvation. Why? Their dedication to the Law invalidates (cancels) this unmerited blessing, established on Grace and initiated at the cross. In such unfortunate situations, Grace (as the unmerited and undeserved favor of God) is redefined and replaced with various behavioral codes of conduct and religious service that must be kept in order to possess God's salvation (His gift of eternal life). Under this kind of theology, God's Grace (as defined by the Gospel of Christ in the New Testament) is redefined into something that is not only nonsensical - but spiritually dangerous.

C.I. Scofield, who published the popular "Scofield Study Bible" made the following observations concerning this dangerous spiritual influence. We are not necessarily students of Scofield, but his comments add some important insights to our discussion.

“In contrast to Reformed theology is Dispensationalism. Dispensationalism says that to find the believer’s rule of life you must go not to Mount Sinai, but to Mount Calvary. Mount Sinai is powerless to justify a person and Mount Sinai is also powerless to sanctify a person. The law is not the believer’s rule of life. Something else is. The Scofield Bible states this position very clearly: "The test of the gospel is grace. If the message excludes grace, or mingles Law with grace as the means of justification or sanctification, or denies the fact or guilt of sin which alone gives Grace its occasion and opportunity, it is ‘another’ gospel, and the preacher of it is under the anathema of God.”

Note: The word "dispensationalism" is a modern
theological term that carries essentially the same
meaning as Paul's command to "rightly divide
God's Word" in 2 Timothy 2:15.

[Taken from "Footnote #6" in the Scofield Reference Bible under Galatians 1:6.]

Scofield continues;

“Most of us have been reared and now live under the influence of Galatianism. PROTESTANT THEOLOGY IS FOR THE MOST PART THOROUGHLY GALATIANIZED, in that neither the law or grace is given its distinct and separate place as in the counsels of God, BUT THEY ARE MINGLED TOGETHER IN ONE INCOHERENT SYSTEM. The law is no longer, as in the divine intent, a ministration of death (2 Cor. 3:7), of cursing (Gal. 3:10), or conviction (Rom. 3:19), because we are taught that we must try to keep it, and that by divine help we may. Nor does grace, on the other hand, bring us blessed deliverance from the dominion of sin, for we are kept under the law as a rule of life despite the plain declaration of Romans 6:14.” -- C.I. Scofield --

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The most frightening aspect of these quotes is Scofield's use of the word "anathema" when talking about those who preach the popular gospel that mixes Law and Grace. We should not make the mistake of thinking that he is just offering us his own personal beliefs. He’s citing the Apostle Paul, who uses the word "accursed" when describing the misleading Biblical message of these preachers (Galatians 1:6-8). Both words (anathema and accursed) suggest a type of "Divine rejection" that falls upon unsuspecting ministers, who passionately insist that they are preaching what some like to call “the uncompromised Word of God”. However, when preachers use the word “uncompromised” to describe their brand of Bible teaching, it sounds good, but often means something totally different than what their audience thinks. This is what they are not being told: The preacher is refusing to “rightly divide” God’s Word (as Paul instructed in 2 Timothy 2:15) and teaching it “undivided” -- or “uncompromised” as some like to say. When Scripture is interpreted and taught “undivided”, the difficult-to-satisfy (and in many cases “impossible to satisfy”) requirements of Old Testament Law are being illegally mixed with the New Testament Grace of Christ. It is these “difficult or impossible to satisfy” additional requirements, which are often applied to obtaining and keeping salvation. These added requirements is what motivates its supporters to call their evangelistic message “uncompromised”, which is a deceptive term specifically designed to appeal to the spiritual pride of their listeners. Some go even further and malign God's Grace (as taught in the epistles of Saint Paul) by attaching labels such as "easy believism" or "greasy grace". We use the word “illegal” in this instance because the Bible warns against this popular way of handling the Scriptures.

Christ's Divine Exchange Is
A Biblical Mystery

The writings of the Apostle Paul reveal that the New Covenant is hidden in a “mystery”. He called it “The Mystery of Christ” (Ephesians 3:4, Colossians 4:3, 1 Cor. 2:7-12).

Additional information is available HERE.

As with many kinds of mystery stories, the outcome is often incorrectly understood until all the facts come together toward the end. The same thing tends to be true concerning the mystery involving God's new way of dealing with the human sin problem, which went into operation after the cross. Contrary to popular church teaching; THE CROSS OF CHRIST MADE THE OLD TESTAMENT SYSTEM THAT PREVIOUSLY EXISTED; OBSOLETE (HEBREWS 8:6-13). The entire revelation wasn't fully known until the Apostle Paul arrived on the scene about half-way into the book of Acts. The "Pauline Revelation", contained in the epistles of Saint Paul to the Church, provides these details. It is generally understood that Jesus was crucified for our sins. Yet, the way some Christians are taught to interpret this truth doesn't agree with God's program called "the new and living way of Christ" (Hebrews 10:19-23). The disagreement ultimately comes from a failure to "rightly divide God's Word", which is also known as respecting the context of the Holy Scriptures.

If we attempt to condense the mystery of Christ” into a very simplified form; it can be understood as a spiritual exchange or a “changing of places”. Some Bible teachers refer to it as “The Substitutionary Death of Jesus Christ”. There are four major spiritual attributes that Jesus Christ possesses. There are also four opposite corresponding spiritual conditions found in the human race.

Note: There are many other elements
involved in the "Divine Exchange", but
we will only look at these four
in this commentary.

CONDITION #1 -- Jesus Christ is perfectly righteous and acceptable to God. But, the human race is unrighteous and rejected by God because of Adam's sin in the garden.

CONDITION #2 -- Jesus Christ possesses eternal life. But, the human race carries the curse of “eternal death” as a result of their sin.

CONDITION #3 -- Jesus Christ is sinless. But, the human race is exceedingly sinful.

CONDITION #4 -- Jesus Christ perfectly fulfilled (satisfied) all the demands of Old Testament Law (the Old Covenant). But, the human race is under a curse (Paul called it "the curse of the Law") for constantly breaking (disobeying) its commandments and principles.

The following is a major part of the
revelation of Christ’s Mystery, which
only operates after the cross.

Shortly before Jesus died at His crucifixion, He cried out with a loud voice, “It is finished!” (John 19:30). Jesus uttered these words because His death and crucifixion set into motion a sequence of events that could not be stopped or reversed. Mankind was in the process of being redeemed (purchased) - and the blood of Christ was the payment God used for this transaction (1 Peter 1:18-21). Our Heavenly Father chose the ancient middle-eastern institution of a “blood covenant” to accomplish His redemptive purposes. The western Christian Church often forgets that the Bible was written in the Middle East - in the area where the nation of Israel exists today. This is why many of the sayings, principles and idioms (sometimes called "slang") found in the Bible come from the culture of the Middle East and are often misunderstood by those in the West. The New Testament refers to Christ's payment as "a ransom", which is paid to gain the release those who are taken hostage. The human race was "held hostage" (in spiritual captivity) by the devil as a result of Adam's sin in the garden. However, Jesus told His disciples at the Last Supper that His blood, shed at the cross, would initiate “a New Covenant”. This covenant involves the principle often referred to as, “The Substitutionary Death of Jesus Christ”. It is a major transaction and transfer of benefits and deficiencies that takes place between two participants during a blood covenant ceremony. The following Scriptures are often quoted throughout our studies. Their importance, however, justifies another look. Read them carefully, because they run contrary to much of what we hear in the modern church today.

"And He (Jesus) said to them, 'This is My blood of the new covenant, which is shed for many'." (Mark 14:24 -- Important: Also read Matthew 26:28, Luke 22:20, 1 Corinthians 11:25, 2 Corinthians 3:6, Hebrews 8:13)

"But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, inasmuch as HE (JESUS CHRIST) IS ALSO MEDIATOR OF A BETTER COVENANT, WHICH WAS ESTABLISHED ON BETTER PROMISES. For if that first covenant (The Old Covenant of the Law) had been faultless, then no place would have been sought for a second." (Hebrews 8:6)

"And for this reason HE (JESUS CHRIST) IS THE MEDIATOR OF THE NEW COVENANT, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant (The Old Covenant), THAT THOSE WHO ARE CALLED MAY RECEIVE THE PROMISE OF THE ETERNAL INHERITANCE." (Hebrews 9:15)

"IN THAT HE (JESUS CHRIST) SAYS, "A NEW COVENANT," HE HAS MADE THE FIRST OBSOLETE. Now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away." (Hebrews 8:13 NKJV)

"Now may the God of peace who brought up our Lord Jesus from the dead, that great Shepherd of the sheep, THROUGH THE BLOOD OF THE EVERLASTING COVENANT, make you complete in every good work to do His will, working in you what is well pleasing in His sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom be glory forever and ever. Amen." (Hebrews 13:20-21)

"But you have come to Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem, to an innumerable company of angels, to the general assembly and church of the firstborn who are registered in heaven, to God the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men made perfect, TO JESUS THE MEDIATOR OF THE NEW COVENANT, and to the blood of sprinkling that speaks better things than that of Abel. See that you do not refuse Him who speaks. For if they did not escape who refused Him who spoke on earth, much more shall we not escape if we turn away from Him who speaks from heaven...." (Hebrews 12:22-25)

Unfortunately, the modern Christian church misunderstands and even ignores this important cultural insitution. Many Christian leaders, especially in western countries, tell their congregation that Christ's covenant is just a “contract or agreement” - and this partial description can be very misleading. A BLOOD COVENANT IS FAR MORE THAN JUST AN AGREEMENT. A distorted view of how a blood covenant operates often causes us to misinterpret the New Covenant principles that God now uses in dealing with the disobedience and sin of the human race. This is one reason a vast majority of professing Christians think that God still deals with sin the “Old Covenant way” (or according to the principles of Old Testament Law). However, after Christ’s crucifixion, we are no longer under the "covenant of the Law" - we are now under the New Covenant, where everything is different and ….NEW.

"For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus (the New Covenant) has made me free from the law of sin and death. For what the law could not do in that it was weak through the flesh, GOD DID BY SENDING HIS OWN SON. . .(Romans 8:2-4 – Emphasis Added)

"For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace." (Romans 6:14)

"Therefore, brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest BY THE BLOOD OF JESUS, BY A NEW AND LIVING WAY which He consecrated for us, through the veil, that is, His flesh, and having a High Priest over the house of God, let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful." (Hebrews 10:19-23)

Years ago, I wrote a book about the blood covenant of Jesus Christ. Much time was spent researching and writing about, what is considered by some to be the most important topic in the Bible. The book is entitled, “The Mystery of the Faith”. It’s available as a free download in PDF format. If you desire more foundational information on this exciting subject, visit the following web page. In addition to the book, it contains other commentaries that shed light on the most incredible transaction the world has ever known.

The Believer's Place in the New Covenant

Additional information pertaining to
the "Divine Exchange" of Jesus Christ
is also available at the
following links:

The Believer's Position In Christ

Imputation: The New Covenant Method God Uses
To Transfer His Spiritual Benefits To Us

The Holy Spirit's Role in Salvation
After the Cross

Similar to all blood covenants, the one Jesus initiated at His crucifixion INVOLVES AN EXCHANGE that takes place between the participants. God imputes (or freely credits to us) Christ’s death on the cross as His final and just punishment FOR ALL OUR SIN - PAST, PRESENT AND FUTURE. In the courtroom of Heaven where God sits as Judge, a binding and legal decree was made. His Son’s public execution (crucifixion) is now credited to us (the sinner) AS IF WE WERE THE ONES BEING PUNISHED ON THE CROSS FOR OUR OWN SINS. Yet, it was Jesus Christ who bore the entire burden, condemnation and pain of our punishment - AND, AS A RESULT, THE BELIEVER IS ETERNALLY SET FREE BECAUSE THE RANSOM IS PAID. We should have been the ones crucified -- but Jesus voluntarily took our place instead. The sinless and innocent Son of God was substituted (took the place of) the guilty sinner.


This is why its absurd to teach that our good works add anything to our ability to obtain or keep God’s gift of eternal life. God considers the believer “dead in Christ” . . . because we died WITH HIM - AND ARE NOW ALIVE "IN HIM". A dead man has no works or merit to offer, which is why God now grants eternal life (salvation) as a free and unmerited gift (Romans 6:23, Ephesians 2:8-9, Romans 4:4-8, Titus 3:5-7).

Paul described it this way:

"I HAVE BEEN CRUCIFIED WITH CHRIST; IT IS NO LONGER I WHO LIVE, BUT CHRIST LIVES IN ME; and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave Himself for me. I do not set aside the grace of God; FOR IF RIGHTEOUSNESS COMES THROUGH THE LAW, THEN CHRIST DIED IN VAIN." (Galatians 2:20)

"FOR YE ARE DEAD, and your life is hid with Christ in God. When Christ, who is our life, shall appear, then shall ye also appear with him in glory." (Colossians 3:3-4)

"Therefore, IF ANYONE IS IN CHRIST, HE IS A NEW CREATION; OLD THINGS HAVE PASSED AWAY; behold, ALL THINGS HAVE BECOME NEW. Now all things are of God, WHO HAS RECONCILED US TO HIMSELF THROUGH JESUS CHRIST, and has given us the ministry of reconciliation, that is, that God was in Christ reconciling the world to Himself, NOT IMPUTING THEIR TRESPASSES TO THEM, and has committed to us the word of reconciliation." (2 Corinthians 5:17-19 -- Emphasis Added)

When the perfectly righteous Son of God freely gave Himself as a sacrifice for the unrighteous and sinful human race, God can now impute (or freely credit) all the spiritual qualities, attributes, blessings, righteousness and sinlessness of Jesus Christ to the believer - and, at the same time, all of our sin, unrighteousness and disobedience was imputed back onto God’s Son as; "the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world" (John 1:29). It is a “Divine Exchange” of life that permits certain imputed actions to take place. This “exchange” only happens once when we first believe on Christ and given God’s gift of eternal life (salvation). The exchange is also part of what the New Testament calls, “the sealing of the Holy Spirit”, which is provided as GOD’S GUARANTEE - and gives us total confidence that we will remained "sealed" (saved) until Jesus returns to claim His purchased possession (all believers in the body of Christ) at the end of the Age.

It was only the ransom Jesus paid at the
cross that redeems (saves) us - and not
our good works, merit or attempts at
sinless living, which are the actions of
someone that God now considers
to be dead.

"In Him you also trusted, after you heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation; in whom also, having believed, you were sealed with the Holy Spirit of promise, WHO IS THE GUARANTEE OF OUR INHERITANCE UNTIL THE REDEMPTION OF THE PURCHASED POSSESSION, to the praise of His glory." (Ephesians 1:13-14 - Note: the promise or "God's guarantee" is that we will remained "sealed" (saved) until Christ returns to fully redeem us at the end of the age. Sin should always be avoided, but it does not have the power to "unseal", or cancel the believer's salvation under the New Covenant)

"Now He who establishes us with you in Christ and has anointed us is God, who also has sealed us and given us the Spirit in our hearts AS A GUARANTEE." (2 Corinthians 1:21-22)

"NOW HE WHO HAS PREPARED US FOR THIS VERY THING IS GOD, WHO ALSO HAS GIVEN US THE SPIRIT AS A GUARANTEE. SO WE ARE ALWAYS CONFIDENT, knowing that while we are at home in the body we are absent from the Lord." (2 Corinthians 5:5-6 - Note: God's "guarantee" is what gives the believer the confidence and assurance of receiving our future fulfilled salvation when Jesus returns.)

"For sin shall not have dominion over you: for ye are not under the law, but under grace." (Romans 6:14)

The sealing of the believer with
the Holy Spirit is a “one way”
eternal transaction, which is
only available after the cross. It
did not operate under the program
of the Old Testament.

Contrary to some popular fundamental church teaching, this is not a situation where God seals us (imparts salvation), then unseals us (takes salvation away) when we are unfaithful and disobedient - then seals us again (restores our salvation) when we repent. This kind of "sealing and unsealing" is suggested and taught by many Christian churches and denominations that embrace Legalism (another name for the Galatian error), which wrongly mixes Law and Grace. This “giving and taking” of salvation based on an individual's obedience and merit occurred under Old Testament Law (the Old Covenant). It is why King David pleaded with God “not to take His Holy Spirit from him”, when he sinned with Bathsheba in the Old Testament. However, under the authority of Christ’s New Covenant our salvation (eternal life), which now comes as a result of the indwelling presence of the Holy Spirit, is given as an “irrevocable transaction". (John 14:16-17, Hebrews 13:5-6, Matthew 28:20 - Also see Romans 11:29 under "The Third Exchange" listed in part 2 of this study)


This is Part 1 of a two-part Bible study.
Click on the link below to continue
with this study.

Part 2


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